Only the truly insane (or those in an introductory statistics course) would calculate the standard deviation of a dataset by hand! So what is left for the rest of us level headed folks? Statisticians typically use software like R or SAS, but in a classroom there isn’t always access to a full PC. Instead, we can use a graphing calculator to perform the exact same calculations.
Standard Deviation on the TI83 or TI84
For this example, we will use a simple made-up data set: 5, 1, 6, 8, 5, 1, 2. For now, I won’t talk about whether we will treat this as population data or sample data but we will get to that in a couple of steps. Also, while there is A LOT to talk about as far as interpretation, we will just focus on how to get the calculations down for now.
- Enter your data into the calculator.
- Calculate 1-Variable Statistics
- Select the correct standard deviation
This will be the first step for any calculations on data using your calculator. To get to the menu to enter data, press [STAT] and then select 1:Edit.
Now, we can type in each number into L1. After each number, hit the [ENTER] key to go to the next line. The entire dataset should go into L1.
Once the data is entered, hit [STAT] and then go to the Calc menu (at the top of the screen). Finally, select 1-var-stats and then press [ENTER] twice.
Now we have to be very careful. There are two standard deviations listed on the calculator. The symbol Sx stands for sample standard deviation and the symbol stands for population standard deviation. If we assume this was sample data, then our final answer would be . Pay attention to what kind of data you are working with and make sure you select the correct one! In some cases, you are working with population data and will select .
What About the Variance
The variance does not come out on this output, however it can always be found using one important property:
So in this example, the variance is . This would work even if it was population data, but the symbol would be .